Advice

Hiring school age employees

Are you looking at hiring school age employees?

With Summer Holidays upon us, you may be hiring school age employees to work for you. Be sure you adhere to the special restrictions for school age employees.

Restrictions on working hours

If you employ school-aged students, their work hours must be outside of school hours. Also, they cannot work between 10pm and 6am. Essentially, they cannot work any time that interferes with their school work.


Employment agreement

Firstly, a school age employee must be provided with an employment agreement. This agreement must have all the same minimum employment rights as an adult. Although, in some cases, the minimum wage may not apply.

Secondly, all employees have the right to representation, when dealing with their employer. So, young employees may choose to have their parents support them. Ensure you provide an employment agreement, for the employee to take away and review with a support person.

You can click here to access our Employment Agreement templates.


Minimum wage

  • There’s no minimum wage for under 16 year olds.
  • For 16 and 17 year olds that have not completed 6 months continuous service with an employer, you can pay them the starting out rate of $15.12 per hour.
  • Once a 16 or 17 year old completes 6 months continuous service or turns 18, they are entitled to the adult minimum wage of $18.90.

See our full advice on the minimum wage in New Zealand here.


Record the employee’s age in wage and time records

Just like for all employees, you must keep accurate wage and time records for young employees. In addition, if the employee is under 20 years of age, you must record the employee’s age in these records.


Restrictions on work

With retail, an employee under 15 years old cannot work:

  • in any area where the work requires lifting heavy weights;
  • in any area where the work being done is likely to harm the employee; or
  • with any machinery or assist work with any machinery.

An employee under 18 years old cannot work in:

  • Any restricted area of a licensed premises, usually if that area is open for the sale of liquor. However, they can work in these areas, if they are employed for certain tasks: preparing or serving any meal; cleaning, repairing, maintaining, altering or restocking the area of any equipment; removing or replacing any equipment; stocktaking; or checking or removing cash.
  • Direct access to gaming machines in gaming venues. This covers bars, taverns and clubs – essentially venues where a gaming machine society has obtained a licence to operate gaming machines.
  • Sex work.

If you have any questions, please contact our Advice Service on 0800 472 472 (1800 128 086 from Australia), or send us an email on [email protected] .



Included in the 30th November 2020 edition of Talking Shop.


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